Contractions are very common in colloquial English. They are formed by combining two words, using an apostrophe (‘) to join them. The apostrophe replaces any missing letters. For instance, I am becomes I’m. Contractions are essential if you want to sound fluent in spoken English, or in writing dialogue. They are not usually used for formal writing, but are common in writing online. Below is an alphabetical list of the contractions in English, followed by exercises to practice: Continue reading “Contractions in English, with exercises”
Let, get, have and make are what we call causative verbs. This is because they lead to results. You can let, have, make or get someone to do something. They vary in firmness – let is the least firm, make is the most firm.
Below is a simple demonstration of the different way each of these verbs is used, and how they are formed. Following that is an exercise to help you use each word, with answers and explanations. Continue reading “Different uses for verbs: Let get have make”
To understand English rules, it is important to know the names of the English words that make up the language. Every word, phrase or component of a sentence can be defined by names and grammatical terms. The following is a list of the most common technical names for English words that you are likely to need. The list has clickable links for quick navigation. For Russian learners of English there is a bonus of Russian translations for each term, as I first prepared this list whilst working in Moscow (thanks to Polina from Link&Share for helping me correct these): Continue reading “Names of English words for explaining grammar”